Name of the project area: Buják Bokri-hegy
Surface area (ha): 46.120
EU protection status: SCI NATURA 2000 Code HUBN20057
Other protection status according to national or regional legislation:
East-Cserhát Landscape Protection Area
The main uses of the project site: The main land uses: Nature Conservation 100%
The ownership status: State property 100%
Scientific description of project area
The area is located 240-390 m a.s.l. on andesite bedrock. The area is covered with 100 years old forests of 91H0*Pannonian woods with Quercus pubescens (36%), and 91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests (63%). There are some small patches of 40A0*Subcontinental peri- Pannonic scrub, some transition forests and 6240*Sub-Pannonic steppic grasslands. The landscape around it comprise maintained and abandoned grasslands, abandoned wine yards and forests. There wasn’t any forestry operation during the last decades, therefore the plants are enriched in the area with large number of protected species such as Aconitum anthora, Allium paniculatum, Ecium russicum, Inula oculus-christi and Spiraea media. There are some invasive Robinia a pseudoacacia in the project area.
Animals of the area:
- Mammals: Dryomis nitedula, Felis sylvestris Glis glis and Nyctalus noctula.
- Birds: Caprimulgus europaeus, Dryocopus martius, Dendrocopos medius, Ficedula albicollis, Upupa
epos, Pernis apivorus Strix aluco.
- Reptiles: Ablepharus kitaibelii fitzingeri
- Beetles: Aesalus scarabaeoides, Cerambyx cerdo, Lacon querceus, Limoniscus violaceus, Liocola
lugubris, Lucanus cervus and Trichoferus pallidus.
- Butterflies: Dioszeghyana schmidtii, Marumba quercus, Pammene querceti, and Parnassius
Importance of the project area for biodiversity and/or for the conservation of the species /habitat types targeted at regional, national and EU level:
The age, stand structure, composition, mixture rate and dead wood of Pannonian woods with Quercus pubescens and Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests of the area, the presence of Subcontinental peri-Pannonic scrub and Sub-Pannonic steppic grasslands makes the area important in a biodiversity and EU point of view. The naturalness and biological diversity of the area can be relatively quickly improved by a proper nature conservation management.